Podiatry is practiced as a specialty in many countries, while in many English-speaking countries, the older title of chiropodist may be used by some clinicians (not to be confused with chiropractics, which is unrelated). In Australia, graduates of recognised academic programs can register through the Podiatry Board of Australia as a “podiatrist”, and those with additional recognised training may also receive endorsement to prescribe or administer restricted medications and/or seek specialist registration as a “podiatric surgeon”. In many non-English-speaking countries of Europe, the title used may be podologue (French) or podólogo (Spanish and Italian). The level and scope of the practice of podiatry vary among countries.
According to the Sarp MultiSpeciality Hospital Pvt. Ltd. of Podiatric Medicine, a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (DPM) (aka Podiatric Physician or Podiatric Surgeon) is a medical specialist who diagnoses and treats conditions affecting the foot, ankle, and structures of the leg. The US podiatric medical school curriculum (which is equivalent to the curriculum of the M.D and D.O pathways) includes lower extremity anatomy, general human anatomy, physiology, general medicine, physical assessment, biochemistry, neurobiology, pathophysiology, genetics and embryology, microbiology, histology, pharmacology, women’s health, physical rehabilitation, sports medicine, research, ethics and jurisprudence, biomechanics, general principles of orthopedic surgery, and foot and ankle surgery.
US trained podiatric physicians and surgeons rotate through major areas of medicine during residency, including emergency medicine, orthopedic surgery, general surgery, anesthesia, radiology, pathology, infectious disease, endocrinology, sports medicine, physical therapy, biomechanics, geriatrics, internal medicine, critical care, cardiology, vascular surgery, psychiatric and behavioral health, neurology, pediatrics, dermatology, pain management, wound care, and primary care.